How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper: Step-by-step Guide
One of the criteria for writing a successful student work is not only a competent statement of thought but also the correct observance of the structure – the introduction, the body and the conclusion.
It would seem that the main work has been done: the introduction has been polished, the body part is succinctly stated. It remains to write the conclusion correctly, and the finished work can be safely performed to the tutor.
The conclusion reflects the result of the work, answers the issues studied in the work. It contains the author’s opinion, advantages and problems disclosed in the paper. It indicates the main activities carried out in the practical part of the work, provides the basic numerical data. Considering a few simple rules, you can simply write a perfect conclusion.
Definition: Conclusion of research paper
Conclusion of the research paper is the main scientific results obtained personally by the author in the research process, expressed in judgments and recommendations. It is a logical ending of the work, which indicates the result of all the investigations done, conclusions and proposals for the development of a particular issue. It also speaks about the prospects of this research area and its practical significance. A well-written conclusion makes the work whole and complete.
Structure of a conclusion
Wondering how to do a conclusion it is necessary to operate the next information. This part of the text requires the appropriate format and structure. A brief conclusion should have a description of problems with reasonable and well thought-out ideas of solving them. The conclusion also includes the analysis of the awaited results of operations to be carried out, subsequently performing an implementation in practice.
The conclusion structure consists of:
- The subject actuality;
- Conclusions on paper parts;
- The overall conclusion of the paper;
- Direction for solving the posed difficulty.
The formulation of the conclusion should correlate and base on the private (intermediate) conclusions made at the end of each work section (for example, chapter, paragraph).
Step-by-step guide to writing a conclusion for Research Paper
The conclusion is closely intertwined with the body part and the introduction. It is not separated from them by style and content. The transition to it is a harmonious continuation of the work, reflecting its result in a short form that performed on several sheets of text.
At first glance, writing a conclusion may seem complicated. Compliance with a clear structure, brevity and presentation conciseness is the key to successful work that will be appreciated. Our simple step-by-step guide will help you to write a decent conclusion for your paper!
Step1: Restate the topic & thesis
The student should shortly restate the topic as well as describing why it is essential. There is no need to spend much time or space. Good work will make the weight of your material evident, so a detailed defense of the topic is not required in the conclusion. A single sentence for restating the topic will be enough.
It is also necessary to restate the thesis statement. This sentence must be rephrased from the thesis that was included in the introduction. It should differ from the statement that basically used. Re-word it in a way that relevant to the topic outline in the first conclusion statement.
Step 2: Remind main points
At this stage of the work, the main points should be summarized. It is necessary to remind the audience what was performed them in the body. The best method to do this is to re-read the topic thesis of each main body paragraph. Restate shortly every issue discussed in each topic sentence in the conclusion. Just make a small summary of essential points, and be sure that you don’t add any fresh information and details in your conclusion.
Step 3: Explain the significance of your points
You should explain the value of the arguments in the body section because the conclusion is intended only to sum up everything composed before and to attract the audience’s attention to the subject in more common meaning. Therefore, you will have just to change your topic and thesis. It is also necessary to review the future of the problem. The student should address the future viewpoint of the investigation and the studied matter. It can be a proposal or a call to action. However, this section of the text is not required.
Step 4: Call to action
Call to action is a powerful tool that can make your audience to do what you need. This is a kind of element appears as a direct impetus to the desired action. A call is a way of interacting with the reader that evokes an emotional response. It is important to make a call when appropriate. Short capacious calls motivate more than long expressions. Evaluation vocabulary is not credible, and the numbers specify the information, impress the reader. Argue the usefulness of the action being called upon, first, for the reader himself.
Step 5: “So what?” Question
It is necessary to answer the question “so what?”. Exactly in this part of the text, it is possible to explain the expanded context of the raised problem. In addition, this section will allow the audience to understand why this topic has so magnificent meaning. The writer needs to use a conclusion to clarify the question “so what?” After all, the value of the studied work may not be obvious to everyone.
Make your conclusion more effective! Follow this simple hints
The conclusion should not be a mechanical summation of the end findings of each chapter. It should contain the new, essential information that is the results of the study. If you want to know how to make an effective conclusion for a research paper, pay attention to the abstract, introduction and results. These parts predetermine the conclusion.
It is necessary to start with the goals that were set at the very beginning. Take this information from the introduction to the work. Begin this part of the conclusion with the words “In this paper we considered the question …”, “At the beginning of the work, we set a goal to find out …” and so on. Note what you managed to find out in the course of considering the issue, focusing on the results of each chapter/section. This part can be formalized, for example, with the expression: “In the course of research, we learned that …”. Make the conclusions. Here it would be appropriate to write something like: “In conclusion, we can summarize the following result – …”.
The student should know what he would write in the conclusion when developing the introduction – these two parts should be interconnected. The final section repeats the thesis mentioned at the beginning. Below 5homework.com picked up the best tips and recommendations to help you write the best conclusion for the research work!
Hint 1: Make a short description of each section
It is necessary to make a brief description of each section. At the end of each main part section, try to make a brief description of this part. It helps to make a presentation and complete statements about your ideas. All conclusions obtained during the work writing, summarize, combine and harmoniously write in conclusion, without violating the structure of the conclusion. Each paragraph must be associated with the previous one.
Hint 2: logical conclusion
Logic in the conclusion is a must. The text may include many different or even opposite points of view. Nevertheless, the conclusion is an indispensable element for the formation of a single clear view on the subject being studied. Here you need to give a clear answer to the problem under study. If it is impossible to give a clear answer at this research stage, the audience should be told what research is needed in the future, or what actions will help to answer this question later.
Hint 3: Keep your things together
The ideal format for a research work combines an introduction and a conclusion that are connected with each other. Strictly speaking, the introduction and conclusion should appear together (without a literature review and experimental chapters) and be a harmonious tandem, sufficient to understand the basic meaning of your research. The conclusion relates to the objectives and goals set out in the introduction. This is the systematization of the studied material that oriented on the creation of own point of view on the researched problem.
Hint 4: Use right transition words
Transition words and phrases are the best tools that allow organizing the logic and ideas in your conclusion. It is a solid bridge that takes the audience from one statement to another. They are divided into several large groups:
- Organizing points chronologically – the main thing is that, lastly, last of all, finally, another reason etc.
- Indicating the addition of a new point – however, in addition, besides, therefore, either, differ from etc.
This is a great tool for introducing new information, listing, as well as attracting additional arguments and facts. It provides improving the whole coherence of the composing.
Hint 5: Ask readers
To ask opinions among the audience is a good way to perform a conclusion. This will help to make the conclusion impressive. Although, this method will not be appropriate in every scientific paper. The tool is good for use in political and social studies. The question should be clearly related to the central theme and purpose of the work. You can also give advice on actions that you consider most effective.
Common Mistakes in the Students Conclusions
- It is not necessary to mention in this part of the work such phrases as “in conclusion”, “in summary”. Such expressions make the text unnatural, repulsive – after all, obvious things do not require an accent;
- The thesis should be stated so that the reader can logically follow the arguments throughout the work. The new details and judgments in the text will be inappropriate – the result should be made only on the basis of the information written earlier;
- Do not write the conclusion part on the last day before performing the work to the professor. Therefore, you will formulate a crumpled and illogical conclusion. It should be thought out clearly.
- Do not forget about plagiarism. If you completely copy other people’s conclusions or rework them poorly – the uniqueness of the text will be low. This will significantly affect the overall assessment of the paper and damage your reputation;
- Do not ignore the rules for the formatting and structuring the conclusion required by the professor. No matter how interesting your topic is, the score will be reduced for the inappropriate structure.
When writing research papers, it is necessary to give excerpts from the scientific literature, to make research in the needed field, and to prepare the correct conclusion, which will be based on the research part. Given the amount of work the student has to do, asking for help at 5homework would be a good way out. We provide help at all stages of the research work creation and save time that the student can spend on preparing for protection. Our service provides consulting on research work of any subject and complexity.
Here you can get acquainted with our best free conclusion examples! We provide the ideal conclusion of a research paper that can be used as a good example for every student.
Research Paper Conclusion Examples!
It is necessary to analyze good examples of conclusion for a research paper. Our professionals picked up the best free samples that give an opportunity to learn the structure and required format. Writing the conclusion will be effortless if you will use ready conclusions and draw on them.
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