I Can’t Write My Essay What Should I Do: Basic Steps to Follow
An essay is a type of scientific work, an independent educational and scientific research of a student, which is performed while studying at a higher educational institution. The essay aims to give students the basics of scientific research, to develop their skills of independent creative work, mastering general scientific and special methods of modern research, in-depth study of any issue, topics of the discipline.
As practice shows, the essay is a scientific study, has an internal unity, and reflects the course and results of the disclosure of the chosen topic. It must correspond to the current level of development of science and technology, and its topic must be relevant. The set of results obtained in such work should indicate the presence of its author’s primary skills of scientific work.
Essay writing isn’t always an easy task. It is often difficult for students to choose a topic for writing a paper, determine the correct structure, consistently provide material, etc. And many wonder about the question “I can’t write my essay, what should I do?”. Thanks to the material given in this article, you will learn how to write an essay correctly step by step, consistently revealing the chosen topic.
Preparing to Write an Essay
To create a good paper, you need to be well prepared for writing. We will describe in detail the stages you need to go through.
Choice of Theme
The choice of the essay topic is extremely important. The topic is understood as the main idea that is revealed in work. This is the subject of research, reflected in a certain aspect, and is the content of the essay.
The choice of a theme can occur according to the preferences of students, possibilities of performance in the particular establishment. It should be actual and perspective, providing maximum use of materials. The formulation of the theme must demonstrate that the work is directed at obtaining some knowledge, not an object, as in the thesis or project.
Planning a student’s creative process, who begins to write an essay, is of great importance. Work planning begins with drawing up an outline, which is a kind of visual scheme of the study. Such an outline allows you to present the problem in different versions, which greatly facilitates the teacher to assess a paper’s overall structure. Initially, the plan only outlines the research subject, but then such a plan is always clarified. However, the general goal of the paper should remain unchanged.
Search for Literary Sources
You need to search for the necessary information in order to successfully complete an essay. It begins with the identification, selection, analysis of information sources: monographs, scientific articles, reports at scientific conferences, laws and other regulations, and so on. For this purpose, you can use library databases and open access resources.
At this stage, it is important to focus on the selection of authoritative publications, the information of which can be trusted, so it is recommended to prefer educational and specialized literature (monographs, scientific articles, reports), analytical reports of international organizations; normative documents (laws, resolutions, decrees).
Public speeches of experts should be treated critically, assessing in the first place the primary information on which their conclusions are based. It is important to use the results of sociological surveys, but pay attention to the methodology of such a survey, the sample size (how representative the data are), the questions, and the structure of the questionnaire (whether the questions contain correct answers). Statistics can serve as a powerful source of information for the calculation and analytical part.
The search for information sources and literature is an ongoing process, but first, you need to study the ideas interrelated with the subject of research, and then focus the search according to the basic objectives of the research and, of course, follow new publications.
Study of Literature and Selection of Materials
The study of the literature on the selected topic should begin with general work to get an idea of the main problems to which the selected topic relates and then to search for new material. It is desirable to study scientific publications in stages:
- General acquaintance with the work in general;
- Superficial view of all content;
- Reading in the order of the arrangement of the material;
- Selective reading of some part of the work;
- Extraction of materials of interest;
- Critical evaluation of the material, editing the information and recording fragments of the future work.
When analyzing the literature, it is not necessary to strive only for borrowing material. The information found should be considered in parallel. In the process of studying the literature sources on the chosen topic, you should not use all the information contained in it, but only that which is completely related to the theme of an essay and is, therefore, the most valuable and useful. Thus, the criterion for evaluating what is read is the possibility of its practical use in the work.
Essays are evaluated by the theoretical scientific value, actuality of the theme, and the applied importance of the obtained outcomes, and the level of general methodological training, which is primarily reflected in its structure (composition). The structure of the essay is a sequence of arrangement of its main parts. Traditionally, there is a certain structure of this type of paper which comprises the introduction, main part, conclusions, and list of references.
The main purpose of the introduction is to reveal the current state of the selected problem and determine the level of its relevance. This part provides a brief overview of the literature, which demonstrates how familiar the author is with the scientific literature on the topic of research, how he is able to analyze and systematize sources, critically evaluate them and highlight those aspects that require additional consideration. The material of the introduction is presented in a certain logical sequence. However, the author can cite the works in any convenient order but not only in chronological order.
As it is known, an essay is always devoted to a narrow topic. Therefore, there is no need to provide all the information that is written in scientific sources. The author only needs to select publications and material that are directly related to his theme and provide an important solution to a particular problem. Analyzing predecessors’ work, one should focus on those issues that remain unresolved until now and take them as a basis for writing their own paper.
The material provided in the main part of the essay must fully correspond to the work’s general thematic. The topic should be revealed consistently, and it is important to move from the disclosure of simpler questions to more complex ones. It is necessary to highlight the contribution that the author makes to the solution to the chosen problem. There should be clear and well-grounded evidence supporting the individual position of the writer.
All work should be perceived as a single interconnected text. Clear links should be drawn between paragraphs in the main body. At the beginning of each new paragraph, it is recommended to provide unresolved questions, represent their brief analysis, and highlight the connections with other essay paragraphs.
The conclusions are considered one of the most important parts of the paper. In this section of the essay, the study’s main results are provided, the degree of implementation of the problem is highlighted. The author needs to establish the relationship between the conclusions and the main purpose of the work. He also substantiates the reliability of the obtained qualitative and quantitative results and outlines recommendations for their further scientific application.
To make conclusions clear, consistent, and understandable to the reader, you can present them in the form of sequentially numbered paragraphs. Each paragraph must have a separate, coherent thought or recommendation.
List of Used Sources
According to the rules of the standard for the design of scientific papers, each source provided in the bibliography must be mentioned in the main text of the work. The bibliographic description is usually performed in accordance with established standards in publishing and librarianship.
Recommendations Regarding Paper Writing
Please pay attention to the essay writing tips:
- At the initial stage of work, think about what you already know about the topic of work and what you do not know yet and will have to find out. Write down the results of your thoughts not in full phrases but in keywords. It is desirable to make a detailed plan for future research. Determine the most logical sequence of presentation;
- It is better to write the introduction twice. At the beginning of the essay – when you have formulated a goal, defined the task, and then when you already know exactly what you have succeeded;
- Next, proceed to structure the main section. Select the positions you want to place in the main body and write each one down as a short paragraph (on a separate sheet of paper or in a text editor). Prepare a draft of the main part as early as possible. The longer you work with the draft version of the text, the better you will be able to improve it;
- After you have drafted a large part of your work’s main chapter, write its final part. You can be sure that your conclusion really summarizes the whole content of the essay. Now, when you know exactly what the work is about and what the conclusions are, write an introduction that should indicate what you have already written, then it will automatically match the content;
- Then start editing the written text. It is necessary to strive that each paragraph contains an independent opinion;
- It is best if the first phrases of the paragraph already show what you are talking about;
- Postpone your work. This distraction is very useful in the process of doing any great writing. When returning to it in a few days, you will be able to look objectively at the already written text and, quite possibly, will see many ways to improve its content.
Now you know what to do in order to write a good essay. Follow the recommendations described in this article and reach new heights! But remember that professional writers are always ready to provide support.